Title: Good Unit Tests – Key Concepts
Author: Florin Coroş
Trainer: Florin Coroş
By participating in this training you will understand what Good Unit Tests are and how you and your team can have real benefits from unit testing. Most of the teams fail in benefiting from unit testing, not because they are not motivated to write them and not because they do not believe in unit testing, but because they are not aware of what unit testing really means and because they do not master some key techniques in writing tests which last; tests which are maintainable, readable and trustworthy.
When unit testing is done incorrectly it can cause your schedule to slip, waste your time, lower your motivation, and lower your code quality. It is a double-edge sword, which many teams learn to master the hard way.
The greatest benefit of writing unit tests the right way is not a bug free code, nor full coverage in regression testing. The greatest benefit you will gain by writing good unit tests is the quality of your code design. It puts a very positive pressure on the design of your code making it inexpensive to change. You and your team will be pursued by good unit tests to discover and apply powerful object oriented design principles and practices. Therefore, the highest benefit you will gain is the decrease of the cost of change. Your code will stand the test of time.
There are studies showing that raising the overall code quality in a software project will increase productivity, efficiency and shorten schedules. Writing unit tests the right way is a powerful tool to improve quality.
You should invest in writing good unit test because:
- it reduces the cost of change
- it reduces the accidental complexity of your product
- improves the predictability of a change, no matter how large your system is
- produces clean code that works
- makes development faster
- forces the developers to slow down and think
To master unit testing is not only about getting the knowledge. It is about developing skills. It is about getting the experience. The easier way to get your team there is to make it understand the concepts and techniques and to place it on the right path. Than it needs to be mentored and supported by someone who has walked the path before. This training covers the first part.
- Achieve a correct understanding of what unit testing is
- Learn how to obtain a healthy suite of unit tests, from which you get real benefits
- Learn how to write unit tests that last and have a low maintainability cost
- Learn how to benefit from the positive pressure the unit tests put on your production code driving it to a better code design
- Learn techniques of refactoring the production code towards a testable design
- Learn techniques of adding automated tests to legacy code
Any software architect or software developer would benefit greatly from this training.
Object Oriented Programming basics (inheritance; encapsulation; polymorphism; interfaces; abstract classes; virtual methods; overriding; overloading).
The training is structured in two parts. First part focuses on explaining, exemplifying, and discussing the technical concepts to reach the targeted learning objectives. Each of the sections are listed below. The second part is practical and focuses on demonstrating and exercising the techniques presented in the first part. Here is a more detailed view of the content..
- Part 1: Understanding the Key Concepts
- Basics of Unit Testing
- Testing and Isolation Frameworks
- Understanding Mocks and Stubs
- Core Techniques for Good Unit Tests
- Good Unit Tests Ask for Quality Code
- Maintaining the Unit Test Code
- The Three Pillars of Good Unit Tests
- Automated Test Types
- Part 2: Demonstrating and Practicing
- Demonstrating how to write good unit tests, by developing a small application
- Workshop: assisted practice
The recommended format for delivering the entire course is in two consecutive days. This assures a balanced pace between explaining the material, having examples and discussions and practicing. There is also the possibility to shorten the duration and to tailor the content based on your needs.
Additionally, this class course training could be followed by workshops or coaching sessions, which focus more on practicing, and applying these concepts on a specific project or context. This would contribute to adopting the practices of good unit testing by project teams.
Please contact me for requesting a commercial offer tailored to your needs.
Part 1: Understanding the Key Concepts
Section 1: Basics of Unit Testing
What is a GOOD Unit Test
What is an Integration Test
Why write Unit Tests
What to test
How many unit tests will we have
Section 2: Tools and Frameworks
Code Coverage Tools
Section 3: Core Techniques for GOOD Unit Tests
Test Inhibiting Design to TOOD
Understanding Mocks vs Stubs
Section 4: Good Unit Tests Ask for Quality Code
Why we want quality code
Getting to quality code by doing Good Unit Testing
Patterns and Principles emerging from the Good Unit Test positive pressure
Test Code Cycle
Code Coverage Pressure
Section 5: The Unit Test Code
Testing an Abstract Class
Good Practices for Writing Unit Tests
Unit Test Types
Test Class Inheritance Patterns
Organizing Unit Test Code
Section 6: The Three Pillars of GOOD Unit Tests
Section 7: Automated Test Types
Types of Integration tests
Adding Automated Tests to Legacy Code
Part 2: Demonstrating and Practicing
- This will be a demonstration on how to write unit tests and production code in very small cycles, by implementing from the start a small application in very short functional iterations
- The sample will focus on showing the practices explained above and the benefits of unit testing on the code design
- The participants continue the started implementation on their own. The trainer assists them